Introducing competition in the European rail sector. Insights for a holistic regulatory assessment

Abstract : In July 1991, after lengthy negotiations between European countries, EU Directive 91-440 was published, setting in motion the process of deregulating rail transport. As with other networked industries (power, telecommunications), the European Union (EU) was embarking on a new approach, separating infrastructure and operation, at least from an accounting perspective. Once again, the clear objective was to allow third parties access to the network and to make competition a key lever in the revitalisation of the sector. This initial ambition had been pursued for 25 years, as demonstrated by the successive “Railway Packages” or the creation of the European Railway Agency (ERA), which plays an important role in questions of security and interoperability. Development of the role of the ERA is at the heart of the ‘technical’ pillar of the Fourth Railway Package approved at the end of 2015. This fourth package contains a ‘market’ pillar, which seeks to open up national passenger services to competition, from 2020 for on-track competition and 2023 for public service, off-track contracts. The European Commission underlines the fact that the earlier rail packages have already substantially transformed the European rail transport sector. With this fourth package, the generalisation of competition should lead to a single European railway area, which needed if this mode of transport is to achieve the objectives set out in the 2011 White Paper. Given the success of the reforms of the last 25 years, this direction should be pursued. Presented in this way, the matter seems simple, but is it really? What has been the impact of introducing competition and notably on-track competition into rail transport?
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
Assessing Regulatory Changes in the Transport Sector. Roundtable, ITF/OECD, Oct 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. 2016
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01397691
Contributeur : Martine Sefsaf <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 novembre 2016 - 15:42:31
Dernière modification le : jeudi 5 avril 2018 - 16:26:02

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Yves Crozet. Introducing competition in the European rail sector. Insights for a holistic regulatory assessment. Assessing Regulatory Changes in the Transport Sector. Roundtable, ITF/OECD, Oct 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. 2016. 〈halshs-01397691〉

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