Fréjus : des fours pour cuire des jarres et leur diffusion du XVIe au XVIIe siècles

Abstract : The main role of the workshops of Frejus in the history of the ceramics of Provence is well known in the written sources by the beginning of the 16th century. Thanks to the sub marine discoveries, the diffusion of these products offers the image of a dynamic industry. In 2004, the excavation of the extra mural workshops, close to the medieval quarter of Bourguet shed light to the Frejus’ potters industry. The presence of stamped jars in the wasters of kilns eye witnessed of a production of voluminous containers. The criteria which make them different of those of Biot, are the high quality of lead glaze, as well as the stamps. By the 16th century the jars have nominal marks and initial letters of the groups of craftsmen, as well as religious symbols or decorative ones which become progressively simple and reduced in number by the time. The corpus established, offers a panel of models and names of potters unknown until now. The investigation brought out in museums, archaeological deposits and private collections allow stressing cartography. The diffusion of jars is widespread according to their use in the regions of olive oil production in Provence Languedoc and in Corsica.
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Henri Amouric, Jacques Thiriot, Lucy Vallauri. Fréjus : des fours pour cuire des jarres et leur diffusion du XVIe au XVIIe siècles. Jarres et grands contenants entre Moyen Âge et Époque Moderne. Actes du 1er congrès international thématique de l’AIECM3, Montpellier-Lattes, 19-21 novembre 2014, Comité français de l'AIECM3, Nov 2014, Montpellier-Lattes, France. pp.15-25. ⟨halshs-01394172⟩

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