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Towards a (De)centralisation-Based Typology of Peer Production

Abstract : Online peer-production platforms facilitate the coordination of creative work and services. Generally considered as empowering participatory tools and a source of common good, they can also be, however, alienating instruments of digital labour. This paper proposes a typology of peer-production platforms, based on the centralisation/decentralisation levels of several of their design features. Between commons-based peer-production and crowdsourced, user-generated content " enclosed " by corporations, a wide range of models combine different social, political, technical and economic arrangements. This combined analysis of the level of (de)centralisation of platform features provides information on emancipation capabilities in a more granular way than a market-based qualification of platforms, based on the nature of ownership or business models only. The five selected features of the proposed typology are: ownership of means of production, technical architecture/design, social organization/governance of work patterns, ownership of the peer-produced resource, and value of the output.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01387572
Contributor : Melanie Dulong de Rosnay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 25, 2016 - 5:28:05 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 9:56:44 AM

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Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay, Francesca Musiani. Towards a (De)centralisation-Based Typology of Peer Production. TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, The Foundations of Information Science, 2016, 14 (1), pp.189 - 207. ⟨halshs-01387572⟩

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