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Des serviteurs de Dieu et du pouvoir Iaïque. Le clergé paroissial dans Ia communauté grecque orthodoxe d'lstanbul au tournant du XXe siècle

Abstract : The weakening of the Church's prestige in favor of a strengthening of secular circles within tbe Greek Orthodox communities during the 19th century Ottoman Empire, is no more to be demonstrated. The Patriarchate of Constantinople must work with new elites formed alongside the process of the « reforms » (Tanzimat) and composed of wealthy economic actors as well as bearers of « modern » scientific knowledge. More and more, in order to fulfill its role of of leader of the orthodox milieu, the Patriarchate of Constantinople had to take into account the new elites arisen from the Reform process, and to integrate representatives of the economic milieus as well as holders of a « modern » scientific knowledge. From 1850's onwards, it is no more the professional guilds –which used to be prosperous and respected- that support the communities' major social projects. Churches, hospitals, schools, and philanthropic societies are henceforth being built and dedicated to serve the relevant populations, thanks to the generosity of bankers, dealers and important merchants eager to leave their mark on the collective memory of their coreligionists. In front of the overflow of catholic and protestant clergymen who are literate and carry alongside them « European modernity », the question is to know how the Greek orthodox clergy manages to play any spiritual, moral or educative role at all. The Greek orthodox population of Pera (Stavrodromion, Beyoglu, Istanbul), which amounts to a fifth of Constantinopolitan orthodoxy, will serve here as our case study.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01386026
Contributor : Meropi Anastassiadou-Dumont Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 24, 2017 - 4:04:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 2:13:31 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 25, 2017 - 12:10:29 PM

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Meropi Anastassiadou-Dumont. Des serviteurs de Dieu et du pouvoir Iaïque. Le clergé paroissial dans Ia communauté grecque orthodoxe d'lstanbul au tournant du XXe siècle. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2015, Chrétiens au Proche-Orient, pp.81-102. ⟨halshs-01386026⟩

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