Euroscepticisme, populisme, droites radicales : état des forces et enjeux européens

Abstract : The 2014 European elections have shown a clear rise in support for Eurosceptic parties. Euroscepticism is however a heterogeneous phenomenon combining ‘soft’ mainstream Euro-realism with ‘hard’ types of opposition to European integration, as revealed in particular in the competitive positions taken by populist radical right parties. These parties have mobilized both on national anti-incumbent protest fed by popular discontent with the economic crisis, and on growing dissatisfaction with the EU, in particular in West European member states. European issues were central to the radical right’s programmatic supply composing a mix of economically protectionist and anti-immigration policies, together with a strong criticism of austerity and EU bailout plans, which helped those parties consolidate electoral support among the lower social strata. Analyzing their performances across the EU shows a great deal of variation however, which attests to the political fragmentation of the populist radical right party family, accounting also for their failure to build stable transnational alliances.
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Gilles Ivaldi. Euroscepticisme, populisme, droites radicales : état des forces et enjeux européens. L'Europe en formation. Revue d'études sur la construction européenne et le fédéralisme, Centre international de formation européenne (CIFE), 2014, Euroscepticisme et élections européennes de 2014, 2014/3 (373), pp.7-28. ⟨http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=EUFOR_373_0007⟩. ⟨10.3917/eufor.373.0007⟩. ⟨halshs-01385790⟩

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