Acquisition des liaisons prénominales : complémentarité des approches transversale et longitudinale

Abstract : This paper is about the acquisition of prenominal liaison, which appears between a determiner and a noun in the French connected speech. First we present a constructionist model of liaison acquisition grounded in the principles of the usage-based theory of language acquisition. This theoretical viewpoint allows us to consider liaison not only as a phonological phenomenon but also as a window into broader issues such as segmentation of new words and the early construction of the structure of nominal phrase. Our methodological viewpoint is that the study of liaison acquisition has benefited from the complementarity of methods: corpus-based case studies, recording of child errors during everyday interaction, experiments eliciting acceptability judgment or production of targeted liaison, priming experiments, reaction-time experiments. Several of these methods have been implemented to large samples of children in the form of cross-sectional studies. The present study is based on the longitudinal follow-up of twenty children from 2 to 6 years of age. They participated to four tasks exploring different aspects of liaison. The longitudinal trends are compared with the results of a cross-sectional study involving 200 children aged from 2 to 6.
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Céline Dugua, Jean-Pierre Chevrot. Acquisition des liaisons prénominales : complémentarité des approches transversale et longitudinale. LIDIL - Revue de linguistique et de didactique des langues, UGA Editions, 2015, Acquisition du langage et phonologie : méthodes, objets, enjeux théoriques, 51, pp.35-63. ⟨halshs-01357520⟩

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