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Popular mobilisations in Lebanon: from anti-­system to sectarian claims

Abstract : In Lebanon, the Arab uprising is often analyzed through the lens of the side effects the Syrian uprising had on the country thanks to massive refugees influx and the involvement of Sunni and Shia Lebanese in Syria ' s battleground. In fact , popular mobilizations happened prior and during the current crisis as two different type of effects of the Arab uprisings at large. First , in late 2010 emerged an anti-­sectarian movement that brought up an anti-­system claim in line with other Arab social movements targeting authoritarian regimes and corruption. Second , the Sunni radical mobilization that started in Saida in 2011 around the popular Imam Sheikh Assir , gathered resentments toward the Shia leading party Hizbullah as involved alongside the Syrian regime and surprisingly adopting an active minority mobilization strategy. Both movement conducted demonstrations of different type (from classic march to on roads sit-­in) starting from a completely opposite perspective and in a very different environment : when the anti-­sectarian mobilization faded , the sectarian one rose. This paper will try to address the historical process of both mobilizations and assess their differences in light of several mobilization theories. It intends to raise questions about the type of actors involved , their discourses and justifications , and the contextual local and political environments.
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Daniel Meier. Popular mobilisations in Lebanon: from anti-­system to sectarian claims. Democracy and Security, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2015, 11 (2), pp.176-189. ⟨10.1080/17419166.2015.1036238⟩. ⟨halshs-01337707⟩

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