Thermal comfort in twentieth-century architectural heritage: Two houses of Le Corbusier and André Wogenscky

Ignacio Requena-Ruiz 1
1 CRENAU - Centre de recherche nantais Architectures Urbanités
AAU - Ambiances, Architectures, Urbanités
Abstract : The study of the relationship of climate and indoor thermal environments in architecture is essential to understand the inhabitants' sensory perception. This is even more relevant when working in the existing housing stock in view of the evolution of the twentieth-century heritage preservation and the problem of adapting these buildings to our current comfort and environmental criteria. The current article aims to develop a fair and balanced understanding of the approach of Modernist architecture to climate, indoor atmospheres and inhabitants' thermal comfort. To do so, we chose to enrich the quantitative approach of environmental assessment methods with the qualitative method of the history of sensory and the history of architecture. The goal is to understand the environmental performance of architecture for dealing nowadays with thermal comfort issues while respecting its cultural and historical values. Two modernist houses have been selected as case studies: the Villa Curutchet of the master Le Corbusier (1887-1965) and the Villa Chupin of his disciple André Wogenscky (1916-2006). As a result, the article reveals potentialities and constraints in terms of thermal comfort when working with Modern Architecture.
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Ignacio Requena-Ruiz. Thermal comfort in twentieth-century architectural heritage: Two houses of Le Corbusier and André Wogenscky. Frontiers of architectural research, Ke Ai/Elsevier, 2016, 5 (2), pp.157-170. ⟨http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foar.2016.02.001⟩. ⟨10.1016/j.foar.2016.02.001⟩. ⟨halshs-01330999⟩

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