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Savoirs et pouvoirs, stratégies et tactiques dans « l'arène patrimoniale » du nestinarstvo (Bulgarie)

Abstract : By exploring the construction of the « heritage arena » of nestinarstvo in Bulgaria, a ritual inscribed in 2009 on the UNESCO's representative list of Intangible cultural heritage, this paper proposes to analyse the multiple tensions and negotiations accompanying a heritage process. The chosen example aims at understanding the local effects of global categories as the ICH : beyond a dualist vision (« heritagizer-heritagized »), it puts on light, through heritage, conflicts on ritual, institutional, cultural and scientific legitimacy, in the context of a society in deep transformations. These tensions and negotiations are first examined in terms of contested « territories » of the « tradition », especially on the local level. Then the paper explores some of the mutations of the ritual experience, as it is thought in heritage terms. To the « mecanist » vision of a heritage-making implying resistances, is preferred a « dynamist » vision taking the « heritagization » itself as a process of legitimacy production. The notion of heritage area allows to apprehend the heritage processes as spaces of knowledge/power (Foucault), where are deployed strategies and tactics (de Certeau) about the legitimacy to define and use heritages.
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Olivier Givre. Savoirs et pouvoirs, stratégies et tactiques dans « l'arène patrimoniale » du nestinarstvo (Bulgarie). Civilisations - revue internationale d'Antropologie et de sciences humaines, Université Libre de Bruxelles 2012, 61 (1), pp.103-120. ⟨10.4000/civilisations.3150⟩. ⟨halshs-01316125⟩



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