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L’écriture et le graphisme à l’ère de la linguistique psychologique

Abstract : This study deals with the conception of “writing” within the German humanities during the « psychological turn » of the last half of the XIXth - the beginning of the XXth centuries. The focal point is “graphism” and “writing” understood as “expressive movements” (Ausdrucksbewegungen), this notion being bound to the concept of “verbal gesture” within the trend of “psychological linguistics” (1850-1930). Inspired initially by the morphological and physiognomonic tradition (J. Lavater, J. W. Goethe, J. Engel, C. Carus, Th. Piderit), this conception considers language as a particular kind of “expressive movements”. This vision comes back to the German psychology of consciousness elaborated by J. Herbart since 1816 and developed by the “psychology of movements” during the second half of the XIXth century. This approach becomes finally a real theory of language found on the expressive and psychophysical basis (H. Steinthal, W. Wundt, L. Klages, K. Bühler). We try also to connect the research in the field of graphology to the dominant positions developed within the linguistic of this period, and particularly within the “neogrammarien” trend (K. Brugmann ; H. Osthoff ; H. Paul).
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01304792
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Sergueï Tchougounnikov. L’écriture et le graphisme à l’ère de la linguistique psychologique . Dossiers d'HEL, SHESL, 2016, Écriture(s) et représentations du langage et des langues, 9, pp.21-33. ⟨halshs-01304792⟩

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