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The hidden fourth dimension of integration : Neighbourhood identity as a resource for the Urban Poor

Abstract : The development of these “territorial social policies” is relying on the strong assumption that neighbourhoods matter, or to use a more scientific concept, that there is a neighbourhood effects on social exclusion (Ostendorf et al., 2001). In a certain way, the whole Urbex project is concerned by the debate on the neighbourhood effects, initiated by the totemic Wilson’s book the Truly Disadvantaged (1987). The question whether inequalities are due essentially to individuals characteristics or can be in part explained by the additional effect of the concentration of deprived population in particular areas, is a crucial one (Jencks and Mayer, 1990). It has been addressed by sophisticated mathematical models, which have reached ambiguous answers (Ellen and Turner, 1997; Buck, 2001). The objective of the Urbex project to analyse the spatial dimension of social exclusion takes place in this debate, and this chapter aims to bring some insights from the Parisian case.
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Élise Palomares, Patrick Simon. The hidden fourth dimension of integration : Neighbourhood identity as a resource for the Urban Poor. In S. Musterd, A. Murie, C. Kesteloot (eds.). Neighbourhoods of Poverty Urban Social Exclusion and Integration in Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, pp.120-138, 2006, 978-0-230-27275-0. ⟨halshs-01293200⟩

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