“Tierra, fuego y agua”: poder y sociedad entre el Ródano y los Pirineos durante la primera Edad del Hierro

Abstract : The evolution of the native societies settled between the Rhône and the Pyrenees is part of a more global context, in which it is usually agreed to recognize a strengthening of the power structures, in particular those related to the emergence of an aristocracy and to the rise of urban societies. Often presented as a period of rupture, the Early Iron Age is indeed accompanied by a series of noticeable transformations that are visible in the habitats, the material culture and the funeral practices. This concept should however be put in perspective due to the often biased vision we have of the societies of the Late Bronze Age IIIb. The modelling of these processes in terms of social anthropology tends to favour the idea of poorly settled egalitarian societies, quickly evolving during the Iron Age towards pre-state societies. The appearance and development of the iron metallurgy, the increasing of interactions with the Mediterranean world, as well as the structuring of political territories, go hand in hand from the beginning of the 8th century BC with a process of identity construction, where the forms of power become more clearly apparent in the archaeological register. This being said, more than a break, the Early Iron Age is characterized above all by an acceleration of previously launched dynamic processes that started during the Late Bronze Age.
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Eric Gailledrat. “Tierra, fuego y agua”: poder y sociedad entre el Ródano y los Pirineos durante la primera Edad del Hierro. Les estructures socials protohistòriques a la Gàl·lia i a Ibèria, Mar 2013, Calafell, España. pp.97-118. ⟨halshs-01280312⟩



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