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Le choix de l'écriture : Utopie, poésie, insurrection au Chiapas et au Guatemala

Abstract : Spaces of shared memories and geographical limits, the forest regions of Chiapas (Mexico) and Ixcán (Guatemala) were, at the end of the 20th century, to undergo the painful experience of guerra sucia, an underground war against native communities; a war fed by forgetting and crushing and settled in rhetoric set in a context of oppression. With Latitud de la flor y el granizo, the essay published in 1988 by Mario Payeras, founder in Guatemala of the Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres, and the heterogeneous corpus of the texts (published between 1994 and 2001) constituted by the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional and its then famous Subcomandante Marcos, we can explore two convergent sources that both expose a choice, an impertinence: the choice to write. In this article, we make the assumption that the power of writing, by transfiguring the universe of speech, then engaged in the double nonalignment of utopia and poetry, will constitute a dignified way to face the corruption of authority. Consequently, both utopia and poetry, as forms of dissidence and dissonance, present themselves as exemplary alternatives to the anti-political rhetoric and silence that accompany barbarity. Extraordinary places made up of language and thought, nocturnal and roving spaces, utopia and poetry embody the territory of political anchorage and litany, the land of a resistance opening up to an ethical horizon. We propose to show how, in the face of real brutality and authoritative discourses, writing spreads itself entirely out through the renovation of utopian dissidence and poetical insurrection, seeking to deeply reestablish a sense of political authority following the marvelous model of a re-invented Nature.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - 4:11:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 3:58:06 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01278094, version 1



Ana Lorena Carrillo, Nathalie Galland. Le choix de l'écriture : Utopie, poésie, insurrection au Chiapas et au Guatemala. Textes & Contextes, Université de Bourgogne, Centre Interlangues TIL, 2011, Discours autoritaires et résistances aux XXe et XXIe siècles, ⟨halshs-01278094⟩



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