La tarification de l’homicide en Gascogne à la fin du Moyen Âge

Abstract : In the late Middle Ages, criminal law in Gascony maintained a form of homicide resolution based on pecuniary compensation. This quantitative measure, structured around a payment of 300 sous, was aimed at maintaining public peace in a way reminiscent of retributive systems such as the famous wergeld of post-Roman barbarian law. The regional persistence of such a system is intriguing. While a direct relation with the law of the Visigoths cannot be fully demonstrated, its influence is undeniable. Use of this system, linked initially to a political and social context that favoured loyalty, diminished in the fifteenth century as vengeance became the prerogative of public authorities, personal identities changed and, ultimately, free men were transformed into litigants.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 1, 2016 - 9:21:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-01265997, version 1



Pierre Prétou. La tarification de l’homicide en Gascogne à la fin du Moyen Âge. Histoire et Mesure, EHESS, 2012, Le prix de la mort, XXVII (1), pp.7-28. ⟨halshs-01265997⟩



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