Construcciones ambientales en el hábitat moderno: Le Corbusier y André Missenard (1937-57)

Abstract : Since the late-1930s, the emergence of a renewed cultural, technological and political approach towards the notion of climate reformulated the relationship between bodies and their milieux. This article analyses the works of Le Corbusier through the lens of this hypothesis of the hygienist paradigm’s evolution. Based on an original research at the archives of the Fondation Le Corbusier, this paper focuses on the theoretical discussions and the technical collaboration of the architect with André Missenard. This engineer, a key figure in the scientific, industrial and political environment of his time, played a main role to understand the relevance of the ambient dimension in Le Corbusier’s housing proposals in the 1950s. In particular, this paper deals with the design methods (Grille Climatique), as well as their spatial, technical and sensory materialization (Unités d'habitation and Maison du Brésil). The conclusions of the article show the evolution of Le Corbusier’s postulates, which beginning from his early proposal for the “Ville Radieuse”, managed to integrate the contributions of the “Science des climats artificiels” in architectural design looking for “Rétablir les conditions nature” in modern housing.
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Submitted on : Saturday, December 19, 2015 - 4:56:03 PM
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Daniel Siret, Ignacio Requena-Ruiz. Construcciones ambientales en el hábitat moderno: Le Corbusier y André Missenard (1937-57). Le Corbusier, 50 years later. International Congress, Universitat Politècnica de València, Nov 2015, Valencia, España. ⟨10.4995/LC2015.2015⟩. ⟨halshs-01246813⟩



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