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Prépositions et locutions prépositionnelles : la question du renouvellement grammatical

Abstract : I study here the question of the semantic and functional equivalence between simple and complex adpositions, drawing on a corpus study of the French preposition dans 'in' as compared with a series of complex prepositions: au sein de, au coeur de 'at the heart of', au milieu de 'in the middle of', d'après 'according to', lors de, au cours de 'during'. The main corpus I used is composed of one month of the French newspaper Le Monde, categorized and encoded by the ANR project "Spatial Framing Adverbials", completing it with other written corpora (which include diachronic data: the Frantext and DMF databases) and an oral corpus (Valibel). In order to establish to what extent there might be a distributional competition between simple and complex grammatical morphemes, I compared them from the point of view of frequency, meaning and relationship between meaning and syntactic position. My results show a very limited functional equivalence between dans and the complex prepositions under study.
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Benjamin Fagard. Prépositions et locutions prépositionnelles : la question du renouvellement grammatical. Travaux de Linguistique : Revue Internationale de Linguistique Française, De Boeck Université, 2012, 64 (1), pp.161-189. ⟨10.3917/tl.064.0161⟩. ⟨halshs-01241422⟩

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