Minorités et conflits identitaires dans la fédération nigériane : une analyse linguistique et géopolitique

Abstract : Nigeria is a federation composed of an inextricable linguistic and ethnic mosaic of more than 500 minority languages, dominated by three major groups: the Hausas, the Yorubas and the Igbos. Two tendencies are competing in the country: on the one hand, a tendency leading to national integration, centralization, via federalism; and on the other hand, a tendency toward the division into more and smaller units created by fission, to ensure the representation of minorities, through the proliferation of ethnically based States and Local Governments. The number of States composing the Federation has thus gone from 12 in 1967, to 19 in 1976, then 36 in 1996. This paper studies the mechanisms at work in the problem of minorities in Nigeria, which are the federal principle, the principle of indigeneity and the principle of equality in the revenue allocation to the States and Local Governments.
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Contributor : Bernard Caron <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 9, 2015 - 4:07:02 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 5:33:05 PM

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Bernard Caron. Minorités et conflits identitaires dans la fédération nigériane : une analyse linguistique et géopolitique. Hérodote - Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, Elsevier Masson/La Découverte, 2015, Géopolitique du Nigéria, 159, pp.27-44. ⟨halshs-01240859⟩

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