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The minerality of wine: which status for the lexeme in which situations ?

Abstract : This paper aims at discussing the meaning, the relevance, and the status of the lexeme minerality in consumers’ and wine professionals’ discourses within the French-speaking world. It takes as a starting point the obvious role played by such a lexeme in wine tasting notes, in prescriptive texts, and in the marketing sector. Following previous studies [1]-[2] that have shown the instability of the notion for many speakers —including wine professionals— the discussion will focus on the status of this so-called term for each target group. The study is based on the analysis of two sub-corpora collected through a questionnaire addressed on the one hand to consumers and on the other hand to experts working in the wine sector. The questionnaire was intended to generate metalinguistic data especially in terms of definition elements and of synonyms without any extralinguistic input (i.e. not in a wine tasting situation). The data are made of 50.253 words for the consumer corpus and 84.550 words for the expert one, distributed over all French regions and the French-speaking part of Switzerland. The study combines automatic text mining with lexical semantics approaches. The analysis discusses the common definition strings, the way they are interrelated and the special role of exemplification in those two discourse spheres. It focuses on the status of the lexeme for the concerned speakers in order to produce a semantic map of the notion for further sensory and wine components analyses. (i) Consumers seem much more aware of the instability of the meaning of the lexeme when applied to wine as well as of the lack of specialized definition. Furthermore, some of them challenge the relevance of such a common word for a specialized notion. (ii) Experts seem to consider it as a term like any other wine descriptor, even if it lack any consensual definition. Professionals also don’t seem to pay much attention to the induced semantic transfer from the common meaning of the adjective to the so-called term.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01237772
Contributor : Msh Dijon Maison Des Sciences de l'Homme <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 3, 2015 - 5:28:28 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 23, 2019 - 1:52:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-01237772, version 1

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Laurent Gautier, Yves Le Fur, Pascale Deneulin. The minerality of wine: which status for the lexeme in which situations ?. World Automation Congress (WAC 2014), 2014, Beaune, France. ⟨halshs-01237772⟩

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