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Vikingi sau ruşi. Noi cercetări asupra complexului de la Basarabi-Murfatlar

Abstract : The previous hypothesis concerning the Basarabi-Murfatlar complex (dated C. Xth-XIth centuries) implied the existence of a Viking community or of a certain number of passing-by Vikings. Studying all five fulcrums of this pro-Scandinavian hypothesis, we reached different conclusions: 1. the "dragons" depicted in the C1 chamber and in various other parts of the compleex are not a sure Scandinavian pattern; 2. the "Viking ship" in the B3 church's parecclesion has a low keel, no sails, and, in spite of its resemblance to the Oseberg ship's spirals, is not for a Scandinavian pattern either; 3. the labyrinth does not imply a Northern motif, it may derive from anywhere else; 4. the "Northern type" skeletons in C1 and C2 chambers haven't been classified and the grave inventory does not resemble at all to the Viking graves' inventory of the same period; 5. the RAINPILPE name is not of a Scandinavian origin. Secondly, we have later focused our research upon the Russian and steppe influences, as represented by three drawings on the complex's walls: 6. we have identified one of the drawn warriors with a Kievan Rus', wearing a kolchuga and a tapered helm; 7. another warrior, this time a rider, may have been a steppe archer; 8. our most important discovery - the presence of kniaz Svyatoslav of Kiev's tamga on the B3 central church's western wall. The previous hypothesis considered the above-mentioned drawing as a stylized bull-head, but its likening with kniaz Vladimir and Mstislav's tamgas, the omission of the crosses (probably a post-988 attachment - Russian christening by Vladimir), also linked with kniaz Svyatoslav of Kiev's two campaigns in the Southern Danube area (969-972), led us to the conclusion that the drawing is this leader's tamga. It is this way that, instead of discovering a sure Viking presence in the Basarabi-Murfatlar complex, we discovered that of a most famous Kievan knaiz. The possible Scandinavian influence in the unsure dragon and ship patterns may be thus explained through the Northern links and origins of the early Kiev princedom.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2015 - 10:33:19 AM
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Vladimir Agrigoroaei. Vikingi sau ruşi. Noi cercetări asupra complexului de la Basarabi-Murfatlar. Apulum, 2006, XLIII (2), pp.25-49. ⟨halshs-01236004⟩



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