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Des sportifs sans qualité ? Genèse du modèle étatique de production de l’élite sportive française

Abstract : This article explores the French model for the production and management of the sporting elite, focusing on the genesis of the status of high-level athlete conceived as a category of public policy that officially appeared in 1975. It attempts to link the content of the policy — its form and outcome — with the context in which it emerges and with the properties of the actors involved in its production. The article thus identifies what characterises this status by returning to the conditions under which it was invented. Two central dimensions are highlighted. First, the fact that this status was backed by a new generation of managers primarily interested in renovating the organisation of sport in France, means that current athletes were not involved in its development. Secondly, the fact that the purpose of this status is to boost performance and that it was developed within a system of strong national and international constraint — which prohibited both professionalism and the “state athlete” model — led to this status being defined in negative terms, by the rejection of what its supporters wished to avoid. The “top-down” and “by default” way in which the status was institutionalised explains that its definition has much more to do with the desire to enable athletes to dedicate themselves fully to practice, than with the wish to give them a protective social framework.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 28, 2019 - 3:17:55 PM
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Sébastien Fleuriel, Manuel Schotté. Des sportifs sans qualité ? Genèse du modèle étatique de production de l’élite sportive française. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2015, 57 (4), pp.422-445. ⟨10.1016/j.soctra.2015.09.007⟩. ⟨halshs-01227549⟩



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