Articulation des niveaux microscopiques et mésoscopiques dans les analyses de pratiques de classe à partir de vidéos

Abstract : This methodological study is focused on the development of a microscopic analysis from video recordings of physics classes in relation to an analysis at mesoscopic scale. The microscopic scale corresponds to a few seconds and the mesoscopic one to moments of a teaching session of the order of minutes or dozens of minutes. The choice of a pragmatic theoretical orientation of the theory of joint action in didactics was taken. With reference to works on speech acts, at the microscopic level, the act was chosen as the unit of analysis ; it is characterized by three dimensions: pragmatic, interactional and representational. The episode is an intermediate unit between the microscopic and mesoscopic levels. The game is the mesoscopic unit; it is characterized by three types of evolution, those of knowledge, of the students and teacher responsibility vis-à -vis knowledge, and the environment. We have built a coherent set of analyses of classroom practices at microscopic and mesoscopic levels operating for different classroom situations, like the introduction of an inquiry session in whole class, or a small group work between students and with the teacher intervention
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Andrée Tiberghien, Patrice Venturini. Articulation des niveaux microscopiques et mésoscopiques dans les analyses de pratiques de classe à partir de vidéos. RDST - Recherches en didactique des sciences et des technologies , ENS Éditions, 2015, Les cadres théoriques et méthodologiques, pp.53-78. ⟨http://rdst.revues.org/⟩. ⟨halshs-01216999⟩

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