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Ébauche d'une organisation des constructions verbales en wolof

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to lay the foundations of a syntactic analysis of verbal constructions in Wolof. I will focus more specificaly on syntactic organization of elements in Wolof clauses. In this study I will classify and organize the various syntactic positions in these constructions, to reveal the inner structure of clauses. First, I briefly expose the Wolof verbal system. Secondly, I will present the organization of Wolof verbal constructions. In order to do this, I will highlight several syntactic patterns which match the whole of simple constructions of Wolof. Afterwards, I will deal with the predicative marker. I will analyse it as the sentence head. Then, I will study the distribution of object and subject, and also the exact status of subject and object "pronouns" in Wolof. Finally, I will show that the aspect morpheme must be analysed as an auxiliary verb. I will hypothesize that construction of perfect in modern Wolof was used to outline a verb focus in an ancient state of the language.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 6, 2015 - 4:47:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:34:13 PM
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Maximilien Guérin. Ébauche d'une organisation des constructions verbales en wolof. Aleksandrova A.; Assani N.; Fauth C.; Gemicioglu S.; Hennecke I.; Jakobs R.; Jauriberry T.; Longo L. Les Classifications en linguistique : Problèmes, Méthodologie, Enjeux, Westdeutscher Universitätsverlag, pp.144-159, 2015, 978-3-89966-755-4. ⟨halshs-01212487⟩

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