Un espace de mouture artisanale à Pech Maho (Sigean, Aude) à la fin du IIIe s. av. J.-C.

Abstract : The research on the oppidum of Pech Maho in Sigean (Aude, France) mainly documented the recent phase of the site (end of the 4th - end of the 3rd century BC). This is particularly the case of the southern district or Sector I, built against the rampart, which includes several buildings housing a number of economic activities, including storage and metal work. The re-examination of the former excavation data relating to one of the houses in this district, hitherto interpreted as a trader’s or craftsman’s residence, today calls for a new interpretation. The attribution of a large grindstone discovered in this context to a crafting device indeed reflects a grinding activity exceeding the needs of a simple household. Taken with the rest of the finds, in particular the pottery, it suggests a specialized area, associating milling with large storage and redistribution capacities. Finally, the intense use of Iberian writing can be linked here to book-keeping and, more generally, with the economic purpose of this building. The degree of specialization of the latter refers more generally to the operating mode and the internal organization of this site and its commercial purpose, characterized by the omnipresence of the exchange and production activities, some clearly controlled by the representatives of a local authority.
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Eric Gailledrat, Samuel Longepierre, Anne-Marie Curé. Un espace de mouture artisanale à Pech Maho (Sigean, Aude) à la fin du IIIe s. av. J.-C.. Revista d'Arqueologia de Ponent, 2014, pp.331-346. ⟨halshs-01187574⟩



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