What could the 'longue durée' mean for the history of modern sciences?

Abstract : Fernand Braudel's concept of the longue durée is easy at hands when historians of science take into view extended periods of time. But what is exactly meant when we speak of a longue durée history of an object, instrument, concept or research field? Here, a revised meaning of the concept is proposed, which takes into account the historical observer and the background, which in the case of recent science is provided mostly by developmental narratives. Thus, a perceived longue durée could refer to historical episodes marked by continuity in the sense of a " contemporary of the non-contemporary " (Gleichzeitigkeit des Ungleichzeitigen, R. Koselleck). In the light of a temporal understanding of the longue durée, the problem is distinguished from that of micro-versus macrohistories. Prospective examples of longue durée histories are presented (e.g. simple techniques, instruments or concepts) as well as some reasons why telling such stories might benefit not only the history of science, but the general perception of the sciences.
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Mathias Grote. What could the 'longue durée' mean for the history of modern sciences?. 2015. ⟨halshs-01171257⟩

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