Stratégies de contournement de l'adresse et délocution : le tiers du discours politique

Abstract : Whereas research in enunciative linguistics since Benveniste (1966 : 260) mainly focuses on the second person (you) in the study of address strategies, this article raises the possibility that the grammatical category of the third person does not only correspond to the absent(s) in discourse, but is also a way to avoid or soften direct address in order to preserve the face of the speaker and the hearers and to limit Face Threatening Acts (FTA, Brown/Levinson 1978, 1987). The analysis is based on a corpus of British and German political speeches of David Cameron and Angela Merkel. This paper examines examples where the third person, notably in the form of indefinite pronouns such as German 'man' ('one'), universal quantifiers such as 'jeder'/'everyone' or 'keiner'/'no one', partial quantifiers such as 'manch-'/'some' or NPs, involves the recipients of the discourse. The use of the third person can therefore be seen as a marker of “verbal indirection” (Obeng 1997 : 80) and invites us to pay closer attention to the distinction between grammatical and enunciative status of the category of person on the one hand, and to the distinction between addressees (allocutaires) and recipients (destinataires) of political discourse on the other hand.
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Naomi Truan. Stratégies de contournement de l'adresse et délocution : le tiers du discours politique. ELIS - Echanges de linguistique en Sorbonne, Université Paris Sorbonne, 2015, 3 (1), pp.52-71. ⟨halshs-01166071⟩

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