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La décoration monumentale à Rome aux XIe et XIIe siècles : révisions chronologiques, stylistiques et thématiques

Abstract : This article discusses research undertaken over the past ten years on monumental decors (painting and mosaics) realized in Rome between the mid-11th century and the mid-12th century, otherwise known as the period of the « Gregorian reform ». After presenting a brief summary of the most significant recent art-historical publications on the subject, the text offers an analysis of the themes developed thus far in the bibliography on the subject: antiquity and the Monte Cassino; narrative; atlantic Bibles; writing and image; theory of “reformed” art; patrons. It then proposes an analysis of the Corpus della pittura medievale romana, published in 2006, which represents a fundamental link between previous studies and new orientations in research. The argument developed covers two time periods, the 11th and 12th centuries respectively, and presents not only the principal discoveries of the Corpus (stylistic and compositional comparisons, chronological shifts, examination of lost works, renewal of themes studied), but also the contribution of later publications and the ongoing critical debate. The article delves into three examples in particular: the wood-panel painting of the Last Judgment housed in the Musei Vaticani, the cycle of paintings from the lower basilica of San Crisogono, and paintings from the lower church of San Clemente. As for the 12th century, the article presents research undertaken on the mosaics of San Bortolomeo all’isola, San Clemente, and Santa Maria in Trastevere. It concludes with an analysis of cycles of imagery still preserved within the former territory of Latium – related, either through their subject matter or artistically, to the Roman tradition – and the connection between the “reformed” art of Rome and larger European culture.
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Stefano Riccioni. La décoration monumentale à Rome aux XIe et XIIe siècles : révisions chronologiques, stylistiques et thématiques. Perspective - la revue de l'INHA : actualités de la recherche en histoire de l'art, Institut national d'histoire de l'art / A. Colin, 2011, Antiquité/Moyen Âge, pp.319-360. ⟨10.4000/perspective.1145⟩. ⟨halshs-01161977⟩

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