Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Book sections

LA LECTURE KANTIENNE DE SPINOZA DANS LA CRITIQUE DE LA FACULTÉ DE JUGER

Abstract : We here analyze in detail the reading of Spinoza Kant proposes in The Critique of the Power of Judgement, and notably the liaison established by Kant, with regards to Spinoza, between the “idealism of finality” and “pantheism”. We demonstrate the profound pertinence of Kant’s reading: the idealism of finality, that is to say the absence of real finality in Nature, adamantly maintained by Spinoza in the Appendix to the First Part of the Ethics, clears the path to an “absurd” version of Spinozism, quite present in Spinoza’s texts, according to which the world’s order is but an illusion. However, Kant argues that there does exist, in Spinoza’s philosophy, a form of the doctrine of finalities, since Kant considers this philosophy as a “physical theology” that leads to “pantheism”. We show once again the exactitude of the Kantian diagnosis, on the condition that one understands that the notion of “utility” acts as a substitute in Spinoza’s philosophy for the notion of “finality”. Lastly, we show the part of truth that there is in Kant’s analysis whereby he considers Spinozism as the very essence of “idealism”, which “transforms” not only “objects into appearances” but also “ideas into realities”, and from the consideration of which one can rightly explain how 19th century German Idealism saw in Spinoza a privileged interlocutor.
Document type :
Book sections
Complete list of metadata

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01143421
Contributor : Charles Ramond <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 17, 2015 - 3:12:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 10:02:01 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : halshs-01143421, version 1

Citation

Charles Ramond. LA LECTURE KANTIENNE DE SPINOZA DANS LA CRITIQUE DE LA FACULTÉ DE JUGER. Christophe Bouton ed. Dieu et la Nature -La question du panthéisme dans l’idéalisme allemand, Olms (« Europaea Memoria –Studien und Texte zur Geschichte der europäischen Ideen »), pp.55-74, 2005. ⟨halshs-01143421⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1352