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Inequality Shaping Processes and Gated Communities in US Western Metropolitan Areas

Abstract : This paper investigates the social dimensions of gated communities in US western metropolitan areas and how they contribute to increased segregation. We use geographically referenced data to test the homogeneity of gated communities and their contribution to segregation. This paper introduces a local metric based on social distance indices (SDI), constructed by means of multivariate spatial analysis, that investigates homogeneity in three aspects: race and ethnicity, economic class and age between 2000 and 2010 census. The results indicate that gated communities significantly contribute to segregation patterns at a local level. Although socioeconomic segregation associated with racial and ethnic status yield the most prevalent structure of local distance, gated enclaves are significantly structured by age polarization. Nevertheless, gated communities contribute less to segregation in 2010 compared to 2000. They are also likely to be located within racially homogeneous areas, and therefore do not significantly contribute to racial segregation.
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Published online before print May 16, 2014. 12 months embargo by the publisher.

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Renaud Le Goix, Elena Vesselinov. Inequality Shaping Processes and Gated Communities in US Western Metropolitan Areas. Urban Studies, SAGE Publications, 2015, 52 (4), pp.619-638. ⟨10.1177/0042098014532555⟩. ⟨halshs-01133287⟩

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