Une société sans marché : les Toubou du Sahara central

Abstract : This paper describes the intense circulation of wealth which takes place between nuclear families among these acephalous saharo-sahelian pastoralists. These exchanges, which are made outside the market economy, are at the basis of the economic activity of these nomads. The numerous livestock transfers whic are typical of this society are mainly induced by their marriage rules. These rules prohibit close kin and lead to important bridewealth payments and return gifts between the relatives involved. Taking the Tubu case as an example, three theoretical positions are questionned : the universality of market economy as asserted by classic economists, Polanyi's typology of exchanges, and Testart's distinction between gift and exchanges.
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Catherine Baroin. Une société sans marché : les Toubou du Sahara central. Karl Polanyi et le marché, Maison René Ginouvès, Archéologie et Ethnologie, 2003, Nanterre, France. ⟨halshs-01132981⟩

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