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L'expression de la manière de mouvement et son acquisition en français et en anglais

Abstract : Manner of motion has been shown to be more often and more diversely expressed in English than in French (e.g. Berman & Slobin 1994:118; Slobin 1996). This is because of structural differences that Talmy’s semantic typology (1985, 2000) captures and explains: English being a satellite-framed language, it has a wide range of manner verbs that can be used together with path satellites to express manner together with direction, source or goal of motion. Such constructions are relatively rare in French, a verb-framed language, i.e. a language where verbs most often express path of motion, not manner. A number of language acquisition studies pointed to more frequent and diverse expressions of manner in English-speaking children’s narratives (Berman & Slobin 1994; Özçaliskan & Slobin 2000) as well as in spontaneous depictions of motion (Hickmann & Hendricks 2006), thus confirming the impact of typological differences from early acquisition onwards (Choi & Bowerman 1991). Previous studies, however, were mostly concerned with verbs, and the use of other linguistic means such as onomatopoeias has barely been noticed (Slobin 2004: 250). In this paper we examine those forms and show that the part they play in interactions with young children is far from negligible.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - 4:17:08 PM
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Caroline Rossi. L'expression de la manière de mouvement et son acquisition en français et en anglais. Faits de langues, Brill, 2013, Sémantique des relations spatiales, 2 (42), pp.191-208. ⟨10.1017/s0959269511000573⟩. ⟨halshs-01131386⟩



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