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About the Empirical Warrants of Computer-Based Scientific Knowledge

Abstract : Computer simulations are widely used in current scientific practice, as a tool to obtain information about various phenomena. Scientists accordingly rely on the outputs of computer simulations to make statements about the empirical world. In that sense, simulations seem to enable scientists to acquire empirical knowledge. The aim of this paper is to assess whether computer simulations actually allow for the production of empirical knowledge, and how. It provides an epistemological analysis of present- day empirical science, to which the traditional epistemological categories cannot apply in any simple way. Our strategy consists in acknowledging the complexity of scientific practice, and trying to assess its rationality. Hence, while we are careful not to abstract away from the details of scientific practice, our approach is not strictly descriptive: our goal is to state in what conditions empirical science can rely on computer simulations. In order to do so, we need to adopt a renewed epistemological framework, whose categories would enable us to give a finer-grained, and better-fitted analysis of the rationality of scientific practice.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01122301
Contributor : Marion Vorms <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 3, 2015 - 3:44:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 3:51:05 AM

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Anouk Barberousse, Marion Vorms. About the Empirical Warrants of Computer-Based Scientific Knowledge. Synthese, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, 191 (15), pp.3595-3620. ⟨10.1007/s11229-014-0482-6⟩. ⟨halshs-01122301⟩

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