Les « rapatriements » en France des enfants eurasiens de l’ex-Indochine : Pratiques, débats, mémoires

Abstract : French colonialism in Indochina led to the birth of mixed Eurasian children of French fathers, often members of the military. At the end of the war, the Fédération des Œuvres de l’Enfance Française en Indochine (FOEFI) [the Federation of Charities for French Children in Indochina], with the support of the French government, decided to "repatriate" the children to France, while leaving their mothers behind. From the 1950s to the mid-1970s, thousands of children were placed in foster homes or boarding schools in order to be acculturated and educated. This forced migration, clearly inspired by bio-politics, targeted the generational integration of Eurasian children. It gave rise to debates regarding the ends and means of the undertaking; other actors chose different methods. After the dissolution of the FOEFI, the former foster children formed an association based on the common identity uniting them. Their advancing age and their descendants pushed them to evoke other, more painful memories: the separation from their mothers and the quest for their fathers
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Yves Denéchère. Les « rapatriements » en France des enfants eurasiens de l’ex-Indochine : Pratiques, débats, mémoires. Revue d’histoire de l’enfance « irrégulière » Le Temps de l’histoire, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2012, pp.123-139. ⟨halshs-01090686⟩

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