Ever closer to the water. Recent developments in Mediterranean settlement patterns

Abstract : Since 1950, the density of the population has increased in all Mediterranean countries, especially in countries on the southern shore, where it has multiplied more than six-fold in 60 years. The Mediterranean is becoming dense, but the spatial distribution of people remains very heterogeneous. The general model is a decreasing gradient from the coast to the hinterland. However, we should qualify this observation with the territories studied. Using fine-scale mapping, we propose the regionalisation of the population densities in the Mediterranean. This map highlights the former structuring role of port cities and the differing role of mountains in the immediate hinterland. Recent changes observed emphasise the coastal development of populations and urbanisation. Influenced by tourism, especially, but also migration, the Mediterranean population has been profoundly remodelled. These changes raise the question of the sustainability of Mediterranean territories when understood from an ecological perspective.
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Sébastien Oliveau, Yoann Doignon. Ever closer to the water. Recent developments in Mediterranean settlement patterns. South-East European Journal of Political Science, 2014, II (3). ⟨halshs-01070622⟩

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