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Les représentations politiques de la science au Maghreb. Réflexion sur le cas tunisien

Abstract : In North Africa, as in many countries of the South, the relationship with science is established as soon as political independences are acquired, even though scientists do not yet exist (or very little) in the societies. Accordingly, this relation is at first purely imaginary, specific to political elites who however express it clearly in their discourses. On the basis of the Tunisian case, this paper proposes a genealogy of the political representations of science that borrow from the reformist thinking of the nineteenth century, the legacy of a "useful" colonial science and the rethoric of the international organizations on the theme of development through science. The text then looks at how the internal contradictions of this imaginary relationship could have effects on the construction of science policy, and how, paradoxically, the scientific community became in the 1990s one of the main objects of political suspicion by the authoritarian regime of Ben Ali.
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François Siino. Les représentations politiques de la science au Maghreb. Réflexion sur le cas tunisien. Naqd, 2000, 2000/1 (13), pp.75-97. ⟨halshs-01069771⟩

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