Abstract : In France, two major events have changed the use of oral sources dissemination of research in the early 21st century. The evolution of technology has not only revolutionized a familiar landscape, revealed new actors and new issues but also, with the use of digital recorders, developed practices of collection. This movement was amplified by a strong social and cultural demand around the oral memory in France and around the world. The resource centers responsible for maintaining and enhancing the oral source are now hundreds, physical or virtual, which offer the online corpus - olds and news -. This article attempts to draw a map of sound corpus, in France, on the Internet at the dawn of the 21st century, limited to oral inquiries recorded in the field of humanities and social sciences. It is organized according to a typology section, taking into account the intentions or motivations of those who sets up resource centers. Indeed, beyond the simple inventory, the objective is to clarify the issues documentaries, legal and ethical on-line audio data.