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About the warrants of computer-based knowledge

Abstract : Computer simulations are widely used in current scientific practice, as a tool to obtain information about various phenomena. Scientists accordingly rely on the outputs of computer simulations to make statements about the empirical world. In that sense, simulations seem to enable scientists to acquire empirical knowledge. The aim of this paper is to assess whether computer simulations actually allow for the production of empirical knowledge, and how. It provides an epistemological analysis of present-day empirical science, to which the traditional epistemological categories cannot apply in any simple way. Our strategy consists in acknowledging the complexity of scientific practice, and trying to assess its rationality. Hence, while we are careful not to abstract away from the details of scientific practice, our approach is not strictly descriptive: our goal is to state in what conditions empirical science can rely on computer simulations. In order to do so, we need to adopt a renewed epistemological framework, whose categories would enable us to give a finer-grained, and better-fitted analysis of the rationality of scientific practice.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01058659
Contributor : Anouk Barberousse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 3:29:51 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:31:23 PM

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Anouk Barberousse, Marion Vorms. About the warrants of computer-based knowledge. Synthese, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, pp.20. ⟨10.1007/s11229-014-0482-6⟩. ⟨halshs-01058659⟩

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