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Devenir Soviétique grâce aux échanges épistolaires ? Préparer la réinsertion sociale des pri-sonniers du droit commun en URSS des années 1960-70

Abstract : The article analyzes the correspondence and the commitments of a member of the USSR' Union of Writers, Natalia Chetunova, who defends common law criminals. Thus it tries to observe nuances of the Brezhnev period that is associated with reinforced struggle against criminality. This study of epistolary exchanges between the writer and a prisoner of a colony with special regime, Viktor Chernyshev, helps to appreciate the role played by the correspondence in the building and evolution of a social link between two remote places and two persons who occupy diametrically opposite positions in social hierarchy. The former enjoys social prestige related to her profession of writer. She takes seriously her function of an "engineer of souls" while re-educating a prisoner, teaching him the Soviet society's norms. The latter is a marginal and stigmatized person hating the regime that condemned him to several terms. In a place of reclusion with restrictive rules of correspondence, during a period when the authorities give up the optimistic discourse on "corrigible criminals", it is a letter that became the effective tool of social reintegration and of individuals' changing.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01023393
Contributor : Larissa Zakharova <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 12, 2014 - 3:33:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:15:47 AM

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Larissa Zakharova. Devenir Soviétique grâce aux échanges épistolaires ? Préparer la réinsertion sociale des pri-sonniers du droit commun en URSS des années 1960-70. Cahiers du Monde russe, Editions de l'EHESS, 2013, 54 (3-4), pp.491-516. ⟨halshs-01023393⟩

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