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Diversité des cheptels et diversification des morphotypes bovins dans le tiers nord-ouest des Gaules entre la fin de l’âge du Fer et la période romaine

Abstract : It is assumed that in the Roman West we see the development of taller and more robust domestic animals than during Iron Age but great uncertainties remain concerning the process that led to these transformations. This paper is a contribution to a better understanding of these modifications. From a large bone assemblage (about 12,000 pieces, that is to say more than 50,000 measurements) taken from 85 towns in Belgium and in the third north-western France, an osteometric research has been conducted on one species (essentially based on the Log Size Index method): cattle. Results highlighted new features in the characteristics of Celtic and Roman herds. The first one shows the heterogeneity of the indigenous livestock with strong variations according to geographical areas. Some civitates have herds of high stature animals while others raised smaller ones. The other information lies in the diversity of the dynamics of appearance and diffusion of large bovids. Each territory acted differently to these transformations, according to its degree of assimilation, resources at its disposal, soil quality or agrarian culture, showing distinct evolutions in the size of the animals as in their morphology.
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Contributor : Marie-Pierre Horard-Herbin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, January 5, 2020 - 7:39:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 6:08:18 AM
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Colin Duval, Sébastien Lepetz, Marie-Pierre Horard-Herbin. Diversité des cheptels et diversification des morphotypes bovins dans le tiers nord-ouest des Gaules entre la fin de l’âge du Fer et la période romaine. Gallia - Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2012, 69 (2), pp.79-114. ⟨halshs-01015522⟩

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