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An 11th century a.d. burnt granary at La Gravette, south-western France : preliminary archaeobotanical results

Abstract : A thick layer of carbonised seeds was encountered in an 11th century a.d. room situated in the seigneurial part of the village of La Gravette. This paper presents the first results of charcoal and seed analyses which give information on the food products stored in the granary and on their arrangement there. Triticum aestivum/durum/turgidum was by far the most important stored crop, while Avena sp., then Hordeum vulgare, Secale cereale, Triticum monococcum and Vitis vinifera were secondary. Weeds were poorly represented. Charcoals were dominated by deciduous Quercus sp., and 11 additional wood taxa were recorded, including especially Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus sp., Rosaceae, Corylus avellana, Acer campestre and Ulmus sp. According to the charcoal distribution, Quercus and Fagus were probably building materials while most of other taxa would have been used for basketry, wattling or joinery work. In the western part of the granary, naked wheat was stored in bulk. In the eastern part, various crops (at least naked wheat, barley, rye, oat and grape) were stored in small amounts, most of which were probably separated by light wooden structures. The cereal crops had largely been processed and cleaned. The stored products probably represent taxes paid to the lord who owned the granary.
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  • HAL Id : halshs-00996389, version 1

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Marie-Pierre Ruas, Laurent Bouby, Vanessa Py, Jean-Paul Cazes. An 11th century a.d. burnt granary at La Gravette, south-western France : preliminary archaeobotanical results. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Springer Verlag, 2005, 14, pp.416-426. ⟨halshs-00996389⟩

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