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New "pays" (little countries) as local level of the process of Territorial Intelligence in France? Comparative study of the Pays Basque and the Couserans.

Abstract : The laws of 1995 and 1999 on planning and development of territory, extended in 2003, allowed the assertion of the "pays" (local countries) which constitute territories having a geographical, cultural, economic and social cohesion carrying joint projects (territories of projects). They met certain success. On January 1st, 2007 France counted 334 recognized "pays". The "pays" are in the heart of the policies of sustainable development of the territory. However, this common denomination hides realities very different, so much on the level of the political situations, cultural, economic and social and on the level of the projects of territory which approach varied fields. They have different competences, various resources and very different budgets. The examples of the Pays Basque in Aquitaine and Couserans in the Midi-Pyrénées region offer significant illustration. These two examples are used to analyze the "pays" within a process of Proximity Territorial Intelligence centred on the identity, the construction of the convergence of the actors' representations, the social networks, the projects culture within the framework of the new uses of ICT and the economy of the immaterial.
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Christian Bourret, Eguzki Urteaga. New "pays" (little countries) as local level of the process of Territorial Intelligence in France? Comparative study of the Pays Basque and the Couserans.. 6th International Conference of Territorial Intelligence "Tools and methods of Territorial Intelligence", Besançon, 2008, Oct 2008, Besançon, France. ⟨halshs-00985799⟩

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