Analyse formantique des voyelles orales du français en contexte isolé : à la recherche d'une référence pour les apprenants de FLE

Abstract : Formant analysis of French oral vowels in isolation: in search of a reference for learners of French as a Foreign Language This study focuses on the formant analysis of the 10 oral vowels in French: /i e ɛ a ɔ o u y ø œ/, pronounced in isolation but placed in a carrier sentence by 40 female native speakers. The aim of this work is to highlight the acoustic characteristics of these French vowels in order to develop a reference that will be used later in contrastive studies of production of learners of French as a Foreign Language (FLE). The results show (1) formantic stability of these vowels, (2) that the mean formants are more extreme than those of previous studies, and (3) the formants occupy a larger acoustic space. Small distances between the formants F1-F2 (back vowels), F2-F3 (/y/) and F3-F4 (/i/) for French focal vowels seem a defining characteristic of these vowels.
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Laurianne Georgeton, Nikola Paillereau, Simon Landron, Jiayin Gao, Takeki Kamiyama. Analyse formantique des voyelles orales du français en contexte isolé : à la recherche d'une référence pour les apprenants de FLE. Conférence conjointe JEP-TALN-RECITAL 2012, Jun 2012, Grenoble, France. pp.145-152. ⟨halshs-00977591⟩

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