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La cartographie 2.0 au service de l'intelligence territoriale : de nouveaux outils et de nouvelles méthodes pour la production de connaissances hybrides sur les territoires.

Abstract : Geographic information technologies (GIT) have changed dramatically in the last decade. Not reserved to experts, their accessibility and uses follow the pace of development of the Internet (interactive maps, virtual globes, GPS, location-based mobile services, etc..). A new form of online mapping emerges from Web 2.0 practices and technologies. This mapping 2.0, like Google Maps or OpenStreetMap allows the public to read and write the map. The passage from the consultation to the interaction with the contents has introduced the concept of voluntary geographic information (VGI), which characterizes the location content produced by users Beyond the marketing artifact, mapping 2.0 helps revolutionize approaches to mapping and more generally the role and status of the map. If the methods that underpin this new form of mapping are less stringent than those of professionals (metadata validation mechanism, graphic semiology...), they still correspond to new uses to which it is worth devoting attention. Indeed, with Web 2.0, participatory mapping initiatives (public and private) are increasing in various fields (citizen services, transportation, recreation, science, etc.). This poses many questions as to the ownership and use of these tools by local authorities as to their public interest missions (dissemination of information and new media participation) for their operational needs (databases updating, territorial diagnosis). Our paper focuses specifically on the potential of new tools and methods for mapping 2.0 to produce hybrid territorial knowledge. The goal is to explain and illustrate how the wide-public Web-GIS is able to encourage the involvement of citizens in the management and territorial planning. Through the study of a series of recent initiatives and a case study in Quebec City, we recall the main tenets of the mapping 2.0 on the technologies viewpoint and uses to put into perspective the potential for land managers and citizens in the frame of the territorial governance.
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Boris Mericskay, Stéphane Roche. La cartographie 2.0 au service de l'intelligence territoriale : de nouveaux outils et de nouvelles méthodes pour la production de connaissances hybrides sur les territoires.. 1ère Conférence Intercontinentale d'Intelligence Territoriale "Interdisciplinarité dans l'aménagement et développement des territoires", Oct 2011, Gatineau, Canada. pp.15. ⟨halshs-00965146⟩

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