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Le territoire comme un système complexe : de la représentation... à l'action.

Abstract : The territory is a system, and must be placed at the heart of the complexity that characterizes it. Basically dynamic, the territories therefore evolve under the influence of internal components, actors, using, shaping and managing the geographic space, thus multiplying the objects through four basic functions (appropriate, dwell, produce, exchange) while the geographical space brings constraints and amenities in a continuous feedback loop which is influenced additionally by so-called external elements. Addressed systemically, the concept of territory defined so, becomes an intellectual and technical support to link qualitative and graphical tools (timeline, top-down hierarchical approach, causal graph) or quantitative (databases, GIS, etc.). through a series of questions. Their mobilization will allow, in many sequences, to structure a set of data and information that will form the basis of territorial intelligence for a given project. We propose an approach aimed at understanding the relationship between actors and objects by the demonstration of territorial practices. Hence from the combination of approaches arise information, knowledge that will help decision-making for a better use, developing and managing of geographic areas through the development of decision support tools that form the basis of territorial intelligence, to move from planning to action through the territorial intelligence. This presentation is therefore organized in two steps: 1) To recognize the territory as a system using a simple matrix approach, 2) To recall the relational aspect of information through concrete examples of stakeholders' support in understanding their territory to conclude on the current shortfall in terms of geographic information.
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Alexandre Moine, Emmanuel Faivre. Le territoire comme un système complexe : de la représentation... à l'action.. 1ère Conférence Intercontinentale d'Intelligence Territoriale "Interdisciplinarité dans l'aménagement et développement des territoires", Oct 2011, Gatineau, Canada. pp.8. ⟨halshs-00960901⟩

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