L'identité, frein ou moteur de développement territorial ? Une méthodologie d'analyse; Exemples de la Région capitale de Bruxelles et de Québec

Abstract : The concept of territorial identity is still little or poorly understood by, or even entirely unknown to, many researchers and professionals in the field of territorial development. There are many possible reasons for this: it is relatively complicated to define, it can be difficult to understand, and "measuring" its variables and their relative weight necessitates a singular approach that uses a variety of methods of investigation and analysis. Many developers now realize that, far from being neutral, territorial identity can have a strong influence on territorial development. The goal of this article is not to debate territorial identity, but to understand how we can analyze and study the ways in which it can help or hinder territorial development. "Before you decide where you want to go, you have to understand not only where you are, but also where you come from." This saying can succinctly summarize the authors' approach. The article proposes an original methodology for understanding the tenuous link between territorial identity and development. It has three main steps: first, developing an intuitive diagnosis and harmonizing exterior viewpoints on the territory; second, developing a more conventional diagnosis of the territory, combining the data from its main dimensions. These two kinds of diagnosis, performed from an outside perspective, are complemented by exploratory and normative prospective exercises, which give a preliminary idea of the territorial identity and vision of the territory in action. The third step is to correct these preliminary, virtual representations of the territory with a field study. The study, performed from an inside perspective this time, leads to a participatory identity diagnosis, based on interviewing the main players in the territory and conducting Vox-Pop surveys. This makes it possible to study in more detail the interactions among players in order to understand what is helping or hindering development by using a final tool: the Mactor method, from Michel Godet (1997). This study applies the methodology to two territories: the Capital Region of Brussels, where identity hinders development, and Quebec City, where it leverages development.
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Hervé Thouément, Erwan Charles. L'identité, frein ou moteur de développement territorial ? Une méthodologie d'analyse; Exemples de la Région capitale de Bruxelles et de Québec. 1ère Conférence Intercontinentale d'Intelligence Territoriale "Interdisciplinarité dans l'aménagement et développement des territoires", Oct 2011, Gatineau, Canada. pp.22. ⟨halshs-00958349⟩

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