Les noms d'idéalités et la modalité : marquage d'une opposition

Abstract : In this paper, we apply the category of modality to the class of nouns. Understood in its original sense, i.e. as an evaluation of objects in terms of true/false, beautiful/ugly or good/bad, modality is used here as one of a series of criteria for classifying a particular kind of nouns, which we call "ideality nouns" (IdN) following Husserl (e.g. sonata, poem, engraving, theorem). Such nouns refer to those objects that are endowed with spiritual content supposed to be interpreted by humans. The three modal oppositions mentioned above, combined with other linguistic parameters, allow us both to well establish the distinction between IdNs denoting "free idealities" (e.g. theorem, number, triangle) and IdNs denoting "bound idealities" (e.g. symphony, novel, painting), and to refine the classification of the class itself. We show that the alethic modality (true/false) is closely related to free logic (e.g. hypothesis) or discursive (e.g. sentence) IdNs, both of which allow propositional complementation (prop. comp.). The esthetic modality (beautiful/ugly) is closely associated with bound IdNs, which refer to artistic creations and disallow prop. comp. (e.g. sonata). Finally, the ethic modality (good/bad) is in tight correlation with bound IdNs depending on the performative use of language and accepting prop. comp. (e.g. promise).
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Nelly Flaux, Dejan Stosic. Les noms d'idéalités et la modalité : marquage d'une opposition. Langages, Armand Colin (Larousse jusqu'en 2003), 2014, 193, pp.127-142. ⟨halshs-00947373⟩



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