Abstract : Providing citizens with easy access to the results of research via online dissemination can revitalize the relationship between science and society. If research in the humanities and social sciences, and in particular their audiovisual sources, are to be included in this movement, an effort has to be made to understand and adapt to the requirements of online dissemination. Until recently, furthermore, audiovisual archives were rarely consulted by the public. Embracing the digital turn, therefore, will also represent an important shift for archival managers and researchers. Two main questions can be posed regarding the accessibility of these audiovisual collections. First, how can online dissemination be reconciled with the ethical and legal respect due to persons and institutions involved in qualitative research projects? Issues of authorship, copyright, and confidentiality have to be taken into account. Second, how can the slow internal process of collecting, archiving, and disseminating such collections be combined with various external demands for rapid online visibility of the project and its results? With a focus on audio sources for the humanities and social sciences, this paper will outline possible answers to these questions by providing case studies of solutions currently being used and developed in France. These case studies will be described from the viewpoint of both the archivists and producers of such archives.