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Bagdad 1921-1958: aspects d'un paysage urbain et architectural moderne

Abstract : Baghdadi built landscape between 1921 (the beginning of the British mandate and the Hashimite Monarchy) and 1958 (Iraqi Revolution, end of the Monarchy) provides an example of a cross-reference process between the Western and Eastern Worlds. With the British mandate, European institutions and schemes appear in the city (allotments, iron-grid pattern). Then, after the independence in 1932, a change in the manner of building reflects the different forms and phases of an exogenous modernity (concepts, patterns and technical skills) and of an endogen one (problematisation by the local elites). The Forties witness the introduction of concrete, prefabrication, and of the villa with a compact plan. Then, because of the expansion brought about by the oil-induced affluence, the Fifties are the era of an international and pluralist modernity. The study of Baghdad during this period illustrates the reception of modernity, of stylistic and structural hybridisation between the East and the West, through urban transformations occurring in irregular phases, from the colonial imprint to the birth of national conscience, resulting in the Iraqi Revolution in 1958.
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Contributor : Caecilia Pieri <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 3, 2014 - 3:50:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:22:19 AM
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Caecilia Pieri. Bagdad 1921-1958: aspects d'un paysage urbain et architectural moderne. Villes et Territoires du Moyen-Orient, 2005, pp.1-22. ⟨halshs-00941249⟩

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