Estimating the social cost of respiratory cancer cases attributable to occupational exposures in France

Abstract : Purpose The objective of this article was to estimate the social cost of respiratory cancer cases attributable to occupational risk factors in France in 2010. Methods According to the attributable fraction method and based on available epidemiological data from the lit- erature, we estimated the number of respiratory cancer cases due to each identified risk factor. We used the cost- of-illness method with a prevalence-based approach. We took into account the direct and indirect costs. We estimated the cost of production losses due to morbidity (absenteeism and presenteeism) and mortality costs (years of production losses) in the market and nonmarket spheres. Results The social cost of lung, larynx, sinonasal and mesothelioma cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, chromium, diesel engine exhaust, paint, crystalline silica, wood and leather dust in France in 2010 were estimated at between 917 and 2,181 million euros. Between 795 and 2,011 million euros (87-92 %) of total costs were due to lung cancer alone. Asbestos was by far the risk factor representing the greatest cost to French society in 2010 at between 531 and 1,538 million euros (58-71 %), ahead of diesel engine exhaust, representing an estimated social cost of between 233 and 336 million euros, and crystalline silica (119-229 million euros). Indirect costs represented about 66 % of total costs. Conclusion Our assessment shows the magnitude of the economic impact of occupational respiratory cancers. It allows comparisons between countries and provides valu- able information for policy-makers responsible for defining public health priorities.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 31, 2013 - 1:04:20 AM
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Hassan Serrier, Hélène Sultan-Taieb, Danièle Luce, Sophie Béjean. Estimating the social cost of respiratory cancer cases attributable to occupational exposures in France. European Journal of Health Economics, Springer Verlag, 2013, 15 (6), pp.661-673. ⟨10.1007/s10198-013-0528-6⟩. ⟨halshs-00922838⟩

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