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Éléments de méthodologie pour l'étude de meules et moulins à minerai médiévaux

Abstract : In the Middle Ages, the use of hydraulic mills to grind ore produced original artifices such as millstones, marked by a material much harder than grain. These artifices call for a specific approach. Several points relating to methodology are proposed, based on the study of a corpus of more than 200 specimens from the Delphinal mine in Brandes-en-Oisans (Isère), in activity from the 12th to the 14th century. The active surfaces have abundant scratches that may be recorded by rubbing to obtain a precise representation of the marks. Typologies regarding the recognition of various fragments of millstones as well as forms of dressing have been determined and can serve as media for more in-depth examination. The millstones, comprising a wealth of information on the crushing process, are also an excellent indicator of the presence of the mills. Fragments thrown off by the tool in use can enable an approximation of the location of the grinding perimeters and guide the excavation of these artifices, which have remained highly discreet.
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Contributor : Nicolas Minvielle Larousse <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 17, 2020 - 5:17:28 PM
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Nicolas Minvielle Larousse, Marie-Christine Bailly-Maître. Éléments de méthodologie pour l'étude de meules et moulins à minerai médiévaux. Evolution typologique et technique des meules du néolithique à l'An Mille. Actes des IIIe Rencontres Archéologiques de l'Archéosite gaulois, Oct 2009, Rieux-Volvestre, France. pp.469-479. ⟨halshs-00922661⟩

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