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À la veille de l'islam: effondrement ou transformation du monde antique ?

Jérémie Schiettecatte 1
1 OM-MS - Équipe Mondes sémitiques
OM - ORIENT ET MÉDITERRANÉE : Textes, Archéologie, Histoire
Abstract : This introduction addresses the two last centuries before the advent of Islam through two questions: is the decline observed in the Arabian Peninsula to be regarded as a local phenomenon or as part of a regional process? Shall we consider the period of transition from Pre-Islamic to Islamic time as a break in continuity or not? I will first consider the recent studies devoted to the decline of the Arabian Peninsula from the 4th to the 6th century. I will then turn to the Near East so as to determine whether the process observed in Arabia was a local one or an epiphenomenon of a larger crisis. Putting forward different situations with different causes, it emerges that no global decline can be postulated in this region on the eve of Islam. As a consequence, and taking into account the origin of the Arab Islamic culture, the last part of this paper points out that the transition to the Islamic era was a progressive and long-lasting change rather than a break.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 5, 2013 - 9:38:57 AM
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Jérémie Schiettecatte. À la veille de l'islam: effondrement ou transformation du monde antique ?. Ch. Robin & J. Schiettecatte (éd.). Les préludes de l'islam. Ruptures et continuités des civilisations du Proche-Orient, de l'Afrique orientale, de l'Arabie et de l'Inde à la veille de l'Islam, De Boccard, pp.9-36, 2013, Orient et Méditerranée, 11, 978-27018-0335-7. ⟨halshs-00914206⟩

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